\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage{mhequ}
\def\eref#1{(\ref{#1})}
\textwidth 13cm
\textheight 22cm
\oddsidemargin 0.2cm
\topmargin 0.3cm
\pagestyle{empty}
\begin{document}
\title{Using the \texttt{mhequ} package}
\author{Martin Hairer}
\date{Version 1.72, 9 November 2022}
\maketitle
\thispagestyle{empty}
This package provides two environments: \texttt{equ} for single-line equations
and \texttt{equs} for multi-line equations. They behave similarly to the built-in
\texttt{equation} and \texttt{amsmath}'s \texttt{align} environments and can essentially
be used as drop-in replacements. The main difference is that equation numbers are
handled differently: equations are numbered if and only if they have a \verb|\label|,
so there is no need for starred versions. This also applies to individual lines in
a multiline equation. Also, the \texttt{equs} environment supports blocks of equation
with more
Since \texttt{mhequ} redefines the \verb|\tag| and \verb|\intertext| commands, it should
always be loaded \textit{after} the \texttt{amsmath} package. However, these
two commands should still behave correctly inside the \texttt{amsmath} environments.
The rest of this document demonstrates the usage of the \texttt{mhequ} package,
it is easiest to just read the source code of this document to see how it works.
See also the description given at the start of the file \texttt{mhequ.sty}.
Here is a simple labelled equation:
\begin{equ}[onelab]
e^{i\pi} + 1 = 0 \;.
\end{equ}
Removing or adding the label does not require a change of environment:
\begin{equ}
e^{i\pi} + 1 = 0 \;.
\end{equ}
However, if the option \texttt{numberall} is set, then every single
equation is numbered.
A simple list of equations can be displayed either with one number
per equation
\begin{align}
f(x) &= \sin(x) + 1\;, \label{e:equ1}\\
h(x) &= f(x) + g(x) -3\;, \label{e:equ3}
\end{align}
\begin{equs}
f(x) &= \sin(x) + 1\;, \label{e:equ1}\\
h(x) &= f(x) + g(x) -3\;, \label{e:equ3}
\end{equs}
or with one number for the whole list
\begin{equs}[e:block]
f(x) &= \sin(x) + 1\;, \\
h(x) &= f(x) + g(x) -3\;.
\end{equs}
Of course, it can also have no number at all:
\begin{equs}
f(x) &= \sin(x) + 1\;, \\
h(x) &= f(x) + g(x) -3\;.
\end{equs}
The command \verb|\minilab{label_name}| allows us to create a counter for the lines
in a block of equations.
\minilab{otherlabel}
\begin{equs}
f(x) &= \sin(x) + 1\;, \label{e:f}\\
g(x) &= \cos(x) - x^2 + 4\;,\label{e:g}\\[3mm]
h(x) &= f(x) + g(x) -3\;. \label{e:h}
\end{equs}
One can refer to the whole block \eref{otherlabel} or to one
line, like \eref{e:f} for example.
It is possible to use any tag one likes with the \verb|\tag{displayed_tag}|
command
\begin{equ}[mylabel]
x = y\;, \tag{$\star$}
\end{equ}
which in this case was used as \verb|\tag{$\star$}|.
Such an equation can be referred to as usual: \eref{mylabel}.
Of course, \texttt{mhequ} can be used in conjunction with the usual \texttt{equation} environment,
but \texttt{mhequ} is great, so why would you want to do this?
\begin{equation}
x=y+z
\end{equation}
Typesetting several columns of equations is quite easy and doesn't require 10 different environments
with awkward names:
\begin{equs}
x&=y+z &\qquad a&= b+c &\qquad x&= v \label{laba}\\
x&=y+z &\qquad a&= b+c &\qquad x&= u+1\tag{\ref{laba}'}\label{labtag}\\
\multicol{4}{\text{(multicol)}} &\qquad x&=y \\
a&= b &\multicol{4}{\qquad\text{(multicol)}} \\
x&=y+z &\qquad a^2&= (b-c)^3 +y \\
\intertext{and also (this is some \texttt{\string\intertext})}
x&=y+z &\qquad a&= (b+c)^2 - 5 &\qquad \ell&= m\label{labb}
\end{equs}
We can even extend the block \eref{otherlabel} much later
using the \verb|\minilab{label_name}| command:
\minilab{otherlabel}
\begin{equs}
x&=y+z &\quad x&=y+z &\quad f(x)&= b\label{e:x1}\\
x&=y+z & x&=y+z &\quad g(x)&= b\label{e:x2} \\
\multicol{6}{\sin^2 x + \cos^2 x = 1} \label{e:x3}
\end{equs}
It is possible to change the type of subnumbering and to use the
\texttt{\string\text} command without having to load \texttt{amstext}:
\setlabtype{Alph}
\minilab{alab}
\begin{equs}
I_1 &= \int_a^b g(x)\,dx\;,&\quad&\text{(First equation)} \label{e:1}\\
I_2 &= \int_a^b g(x^2-1)\,dx\;.&\quad&\text{(Second equation)} \label{e:2}
\end{equs}
\end{document}